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Introduction to Logic (Hardcover)

By H. W. B. Joseph

 


"[This] is a very advanced and very brilliant work on the philosophy of logic, in the Aristotelian tradition. First published in 1906, it is a high-water mark in the field, showing how much we have lost over the ensuing decades. In a no-nonsense, almost diffident style, Joseph proceeds to tackle the most profound issues with the level-headed, fact-centered seriousness of a first-hand thinker . . . The scope and depth of the book is too grand to convey with justice in a brief note. In its 600 pages, it covers terms (concepts), categories, 'the predictables,' definitions, propositions, syllogisms, induction, causality and scientific methodology. Philosophically, there are some points with which an Objectivist will disagree (including a limited concession to the 'analytic-synthetic' dichotomy). But in the main, Objectivists will be cheering . . . This is a challenging, technical book by a great mind, a book that will reward the advanced student of logic who gives it the careful study it deserves."

—Harry Binswanger in The Intellectual Activist


Table of Contents


Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition


1. Of the General Character of the Enquiry

2. Of Terms, and Their Principal Distinctions

3. Of the Categories

4. Of the Predicables

5. Of the Rules of Definitionand Division: Classification and Dichotomy

6. Of the Intension and Extension of Terms and of Their Denotation and Connotation

7. Of the Proposition or Judgement

8. Of the Various Forms of the Judgement

9. Of the Distribution of Terms in the Judgement: And of the Opposition of Judgements

10. Of Immediate Inferences

11. Of Syllogism in General

12. Of the Moods and Figures of Syllogism

13. Of the Reduction of the Imperfect Syllogistic Figures

14. Of the Principles of Syllogistic Inference

15. Of Hypothetical and Disjunctive Reasoning

16. Of Enthymeme, Sorites, and Dilemma

17. Of the Form and Matter of Inference

18. Of Induction

19. Of the Presuppositions of Inductive Reasoning: The Law of Causation

20. Of the Rules By Which to Judge of Causes and Effects

21. Of Operations Preliminary to the Application of the Foregoing Rules

22. Of Non-Reciprocating Causal Relations

23. Of Explanation

24. Of Induction By Simple Enumeration and the Argument from Analogy

25. Of Mathematical Reasoning

26. Of the Methodology of the Sciences

27. Appendix on Fallacies


Index


(Hardcover; 608 pages)