Aristotle and the Constitution of the Athenians (MP3 download)
By John David Lewis
The constitutional history of Greece is a story of independent men freeing themselves from tyranny. The city of Athens was a leader in this struggle, developing the world's first democracy and confronting the problems of unrestrained mob rule. How can lawful government be preserved while the people are sovereign? What is the relationship between the decrees of the citizen assembly and the fundamental laws of the city-state?
Our most important source of information for the classical Athenian government is the Constitution of the Athenians, one of 150 constitutional studies produced by Aristotle's school. The Greek distinction between fundamental law and legislative decree is an important precursor to the innovations of the American Constitution. This course focuses on the constitutional history of Athens, the theme and structure of Aristotle's Constitution, the crisis of the late fifth-century and the solution that the Athenians developed to prevent their government from becoming a tyranny.
(MP3 download; 5 hrs., 4 min., with Q & A, 218.10 MB)